Your essay should be organized into four main sections. Presentation of the Case

Your essay should be organized into four main sections.
Presentation of the Case
This first section should lay out the relevant facts of your case in purely descriptive (i.e. value-neutral) terms. What individuals or companies are involved? What action or policy or practice is in question? When and where did these actions occur? Assume your audience has no prior knowledge of the case or its context. If there is any background information necessary to understand or appreciate your case, or any technical terms that you intend to use in discussing it (e.g. dumping, strategic default, etc.), be sure to explain these as well. Also, be very careful to present the case in your own words. Although you may draw on the textbook for the facts, you will need to repackage the facts in your own, clearly distinct way.
Identification of the Ethical Issues
Next, identify and explain at least two distinct ethical questions that your case raises. Keep in mind that ethical questions can be asked about states of affairs, actions or behaviors, or distributions of goods, and that different ethical concepts are used to evaluate each of these things. For each ethical question you identify, make it clear what kind of thing (state of affairs, action, or distribution of goods) the question concerns and what specific ethical concept applies to it. If it is an action, also make sure to identify the agent, or if it’s a distribution, identify the recipients. Choose one of the two issues to be your focal question and tell your reader which one that is.
Explanation of Two Different Theoretical Approaches to Your Focal Question
Identify two different theories (e.g. Utilitarianism, Kantianism, Libertarianism, Rawlsianism, etc.) that could be used to answer your focal question and explain how each of these theories would reason about the question. For each theory, explain the basic principles it would start from, the method or process by which it would apply these principles to your case, and the conclusion you think it would reach.
Critical Assessment of the Two Approaches
Say which of the two approaches discussed in the previous section you think is more justified and why. In defending one approach over the other, you may draw on any of the general objections we discussed in class against each type of theory, or you may raise objections to one of the theories based on how it handles your particular case. One reason you should not give for preferring one theory over the other, however, is that it yields the answer in this case that you happen to like.

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