sub-saharan Africa

Discuss some of the ancient civilizations in Africa and why they are very important in history? Include examples from the beginnings of the Common Era to the period of European imperialism, worlds of great empires, royal courts, pastoral nomads, tribal chiefs, stone palaces, intricate art, and glorious gold that emerged; kingdoms that collapsed, and intertwined with other societies. Include in your discussion powerful states were built from small towns and villages and those with a great network of regional and overseas trade that was established; wars that were waged, territories and people that were seized, bought, and sold, kings that became rich, and Islam that spread across the continent.


1) Ancient Civilizations 

2) History of Africa: 

3) Global African History Timeline: 

4) Africa Facts: People of Africa – 

5) Africa: People, Geography, Fact (Britanicca) - . Download PDF of Article:  


1) PBS series by Henry Louis Gates, Jnr. on African Civilizations: 

2) Great Kings and Queens of Africa: 

3) Faces of Africa: Keepers of the Ark: 

4) Are the North Africans Black, White or Arab? 

5) History of Ancient Africa: 

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