Reference within 5years, reply with 200 words why you agree or disagree I chose

Reference within 5years, reply with 200 words why you agree or disagree
I chose stage 3 of Erikson’s psychosocial stages, as I have a granddaughter who just turned three years old and is emerging into this phase. This is a relatively fun stage for me to assess, since “central to this stage is play” (Mcleod, 2018.) If given a toy she is unfamiliar with, does she interact with it and try to play with it, or does she has for assistance, or does she ignore it altogether? A child who has mastered this stage will attempt to play with it, then ask for help or a demonstration. A child just entering this stage may explore the item a little and then put it down and ignore it, as if insecure about their assessment that it is, in fact, a toy.
This is a great stage to assess the development of fine motor skills – can they pick up a Cheerio with a pincer (two finger) grip? Are they attempting to draw shapes? Can they make finger gestures with or without meaning (holding down pinkie with thumb for “3”, for example)? Are they passing items back and forth between hands effortlessly? Can hey stack items? Those who lack these skills, especially by the end of stage 3, should be referred to occupational therapy.
This is also a stage where autism is often first presented. If the child is non-verbal by 3-years old, does not make eye contact, has considerable dietary restrictions, is disproportionately distracted or upset by noises, they should be referred to a developmental specialist for further testing.
Children of this age can push their caregivers buttons because they have a stronger vocabulary and are developing a will of their own. They are, therefore, susceptible to abuse. Unlike the infant, these children are highly mobile and may have developmental bruising that is normal. A clinician must know where bruising and injury is not likely to occur (diapered/underwear area, abdomen, thighs, neck) and assess these areas. There should also be an assessment of caregivers’ coping skills and any psychosocial issues that may be hindering their ability to provide adequate, safe care to these children.
In my assessment of Z, I found she asked for help with an item that was colorful and unfamiliar, but not a brown wooden toy that seemed uninteresting. I have had the opportunity to see her around other children, and while she does not yet initiate play, she does initiate contact and attempts to follow their lead. She has strong fine motor skills and does not exhibit any of the hallmark symptoms of autism spectrum disorder at this time (she is usually the creator of disproportionate noise!) I speak to each of her parents (they are not a couple) often and they have each developed their own coping skills that are adequate. I have seen no signs of abuse on her body.
Mcleod, S. (2018). Erik Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Erik Erikson | Psychosocial Stages. Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html

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