M‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ax 2 pages, Minimum 1 Facts: The African country of Tombola

M‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ax 2 pages, Minimum 1 Facts: The African country of Tomboland has a population of 10 million people and two main ethnic groups: (i) the Kumani (45% of the population); and (ii) the Homenus (55% of the population). The country is a democracy and the Democratic Party of Tomboland (DPT) is in power. This DPT has ties with the Kumani ethnic minority and its leader is the elected president, Mr John Kumparry. In the past elections, the DPT was the most voted party because the moderate Homenus agreed with the DPT’s political reforms for the country. Mr Kumparry election was very controversial because it was the first time in history that the Kumanis had influence over the governing party. Unfortunately, a year after being elected, Mr Kumparry died in a plane crash on his way back from a meeting in a neighbouring country. When this happened, Tomboland’s vice president – Ms Marie Polampy – was attending an international human rights conference in New York. According to Tomboland law, the vice president automatically becomes president if the elected president dies. Taking advantage of this situation, a military faction led by Mr George Palomeni took power in a matter of hours through a bloodless coup. The DPT’s relationship with military leaders had been strained in the year in which it had been in power, so they supported the coup. However, many of those who had elected the DPT wer‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍e furious and took to the streets in the country’s main cities in protest. During the protests, which Kumanis and moderate Homenus mainly attended, some Homenus-linked civil associations induced other civilians to attack protesters. These attacks were systematically carried out at every protest where many died and others suffered grievous bodily harm (some even lost limbs). The orchestrators of the attacks wanted to deter political opponents from taking to the streets and to accept that the DPT would never return to power. Despite the continuous attacks, the remaining leaders of the DPT staged a large protest in the main square of Tomboland’s capital city. The DPT managed to rally its supporters from across the country and two million people gathered to protest. In light of this and in order to quell all protests and retain power, Mr Palomeni ordered the army to fire hollow bullets indiscriminately at protesters and between 25,000 and 30,000 people died. After the massacre, Mr Palomeni announced that he was willing to reach an agreement with DPT’s leaders to release jailed protesters and guarantee the safety of the Kumanis if DPT were to dissolve and its leaders endorse Mr Palomeni as the country’s legitimate president. Tomboland has signed and ratified the Rome Statute”. Qualify as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes or crime of aggression according t‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍o the Rome Statute.

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