I. Introduction: This should not be longer than your body paragraphs. Strive for

I. Introduction: This should not be longer than your body paragraphs. Strive for 8-12 sentences that include the following:
1. Background information on the issue – maybe a brief definition and a summary of the history, leading to the current status, that this is a controversial issue and needs to be addressed.
2. Gradually lead to your thesis statement which should be at the end of the introduction. Your claim is going to be the statement that shares your view of the issue, not using the words, “I think…” or “In my opinion…” The use of the word “should” in the thesis may be appropriate.
Thesis Example: Vaping should be banned because of the negative health effects and the high cost.
II. Body: All of the reasons you choose for your body paragraphs have to be different reasons from each other. You will have four body paragraphs. Three will be in support of your claim, and one will be a counterargument with a rebuttal or refutation paragraph in which you share an opposing view and then prove it to be false or wrong.
Each body paragraph will include your thesis and give one reason to support it.
Example: TS: 1. Vaping should be banned because of the negative health effects.
It leads to addiction.
It causes severe lung damage.
It even leads to deaths.
Support with a quote from the reason.
2. Example: Another reason why vaping should be banned is because of the great expense.
Support with a quote from the research.
3. Example: Opposing view: There are those who say that vaping is better than some other ways of relieving stress. Tell more about what those other people are saying. You should have a quote from the opposing view. Then you would tell why this view is wrong. That would be the rest of your paragraph. That would possibly another quote that supports your view and refutes the opposing view.
Each topic sentence should have at least three supporting points — pieces of evidence, data, examples, and probably one quote from your research that goes along with what you are saying. These don’t have to be long quotes. After learning about the appeals in persuasive writing, try to incorporate an appeal into your body paragraphs. Each body paragraph should also have a concluding sentence that summarizes that paragraph or “wraps it up.” In the 4th body paragraph that addresses the opposing view, briefly share what the opposing side has to say, and then refute it — disprove it – with evidence.
Example: There are some opponents who claim that……………………………………….. Then go on to disprove – tell why it is wrong.
III. Concluding paragraph — this should be also shorter than your body paragraphs; it may have a call to action — a prediction of what might happen if something isn’t done about the matter. It should re-state your thesis statement and your concluding thoughts on it.

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