Expectation criteria for a GIS project: The GIS project will serve as a nice summary of the students’ learning experience. Although the project shall encompass as many learned tools, skills, techniques as possible, the student really needs to start sketching the project as early as possible. First an idea, then develop the idea by reading references and collecting data, with data available, refining the idea, then organize the data, then analyze the data, then put the puzzle together to come down to a final project. For the project, I will ask for a PowerPoint presentation, finished project map product(s), a 5-page double space write-up describing the purpose(s) of the project, the potential audience the project is for, the procedures the student conducts the project, the implication of the final result, and possible ways to improve the project. In essence, the project must follow this prescribed structure: 1. Introduction (state what is the problem you intend to use GIS to solve, and why it is important. Bring some background information here). 2. Data and Methodology (state what your data are, how reliable the data are, what information is contained within; what steps you have taken to prepare the data, analyze the data, and present the data, try not to be mechanic – that means, don’t give step by step manual-like (or teaching tutorial-like) instructions). 3. Results and Discussion (What results do you get from the analysis. Maps shall be one of your analytic results. Do the results solve your problem, what is the significance of doing the analysis? This section needs to be thorough since this is what your work actually is all about). 4. Conclusion (summarize what you’ve done, any flaws of your analyses, what can be done better in the future, etc.) 5. Literature cited. Grading of the final project follows these criteria: 1. Page limit must be met or 20% per page shortage will be taken. 2. The write-up must follow strictly the prescribed structure. A write-up doesn’t follow strictly the structure (or without structure) will lose up to 40% of the total grade. 3. Maps must be meaningful and contains all five necessary map elements (the map title, map body, legend, scale bar, north arrow or coordinate graticule). The design of the map must follow conventional map design rules, ., the map components must be well-balanced with the map body at the visual center; there shall be as little as possible white space; legend, map title, scale bar must be clear and meaningful; everything in the map body must be present in the legend except for background images; no file names shall appear in the legend. If the map product doesn’t follow those criteria, the write up will lose up to 30% of the total grade 4. The quality of writing must be presentable and logically clear. A confused write- up could lose up to 40% of the final grade.