Discussion 4.1 – Supplemental Protein and Amino Acids


Identify and visit at least one fitness website to determine the variety of protein and amino acid supplements being promoted to build muscle mass. 

In a short report:

  • Determine the daily cost of using such supplements, according to the package directions. 
  • Compare the daily cost of using a protein or amino acid supplement to the cost of consuming a nutritionally adequate diet. 
  • Identify any potential risks of using protein or amino acid supplements. 
  • Give your opinion on the effectiveness of nutritional protein and amino acid supplements.
  • Based on your research would you recommend protein or amino acid supplements?
  • Explain your answers.

Discussion Expectations:  

The minimum requirements for class discussions are to respond directly to the discussion prompt and to respond to at least two other posts, by other students or the instructor, by the end of the week. The discussion will close on the due date and will NOT be reopened for a late submission. 

Submit one main post responding directly to each part of the discussion prompt by Thursday at 11:59 PM ET. This should be a substantive response (between 75 -150 words minimum) to the topic(s) in your own words, referencing (using APA format) what you have discovered in your required reading and other learning activities.  You may use resources in addition to your textbook that supports your post(s); however, you must mention the source(s) that you used in your post(s) using APA format in-text citations and reference lists. You can review APA formatting here: 

Module 3 discussion

  • Radical Change, the Quiet Way
  • Tipping Point Leadership

Introduction to the Lesson with the authors summaries:

  1. Radical Change, the Quiet Way

At some point, many managers yearn to confront assumptions, practices, or values in their organizations that they feel are counterproductive or even downright wrong. Yet, they can face an uncomfortable dilemma: If they speak out too loudly, resentment may build toward them; if they remain silent, resentment will build inside them. Is there any way, then, to rock the boat without falling out of it? In 15 years of research, professor Debra Meyerson has observed hundreds of professionals who have dealt with this problem by working behind the scenes, engaging in a subtle form of grassroots leadership. She calls them “tempered radicals” because they effect significant changes in moderate ways. Meyerson has identified four incremental approaches that managers can quietly use to create lasting cultural change. Most subtle is “disruptive self-expression” in dress, office decor, or behavior, which can slowly change an unproductive atmosphere as people increasingly notice and emulate it. By using “verbal jujitsu,” an individual can redirect the force of an insensitive statement or action to improve the situation. “Variable-term opportunists” spot, create, and capitalize on short- and long-term chances for change. And through “strategic alliance building,” an individual can join with others to promote change with more force. By adjusting these approaches to time and circumstance, tempered radicals work subtly but effectively to alter the status quo. In so doing, they exercise a form of leadership that is more modest and less visible than traditional forms–yet no less significant. Top managers who want to create cultural or organizational change–perhaps they’re moving tradition-bound businesses down new roads–should seek out these tempered radicals, for they are masters at transforming organizations from the grass roots.

  1. Tipping Point Leadership

When William Bratton was appointed police commissioner of New York City in 1994, turf wars over jurisdiction and funding were rife and crime was out of control. Yet in less than two years, and without an increase in his budget, Bratton turned New York into the safest large city in the nation. And the NYPD was only the latest of five law-enforcement agencies Bratton had turned around. In each case, he succeeded in record time despite limited resources, a demotivated staff, opposition from powerful vested interests, and an organization wedded to the status quo. Bratton’s turnarounds demonstrate what the authors call tipping point leadership. The theory of tipping points hinges on the insight that in any organization, fundamental changes can occur quickly when the beliefs and energies of a critical mass of people create an epidemic movement toward an idea. Bratton begins by overcoming the cognitive hurdles that block organizations from recognizing the need for change. He does this by putting managers face-to-face with operational problems. Next, he manages around limitations on funds, staff, or equipment by concentrating resources on the areas that are most in need of change and that have the biggest payoffs. He meanwhile solves the motivation problem by singling out key influencers–people with disproportionate power due to their connections or persuasive abilities. Finally, he closes off resistance from powerful opponents. Not every CEO has the personality to be a Bill Bratton, but his successes are due to much more than his personality. He relies on a remarkably consistent method that any manager looking to turn around an organization can use to overcome the forces of inertia and reach the tipping point.

Lesson objectives/outcomes

At the end of this assignment, students will be able:

  1. To analyze how leadership affects change, based on your reading, research, experience, etc.
  2. To identify some of the legal, moral and ethical concerns of operating/managing an organization
  3. To show how these legal, moral and ethical concerns affect change.


Discussions will be posted per week on Canvas. Students are required to post their views and discussions.  You are also expected to read and respond to at least two (2) of your classmates postings for each discussion.  

Your participation is an indication that you are learning. Your posted responses would demonstrate your understanding and application of the knowledge gained.  Your postings to each discussion must be substantial and be supported with references.  Please follow the APA style for your writing.  Remember this is a graduate level course and the length of your responses to your classmates postings should be a minimum of 200 to 300 words in length.  Responses are expected to be more than just I absolutely agree or Excellent point! to receive credits; a guideline to use is that responses should have between 100 to 150 words.  All postings (discussions and responses) must be posted by the due date in order to receive full credits and dont forget your citations. 

Please note that there are two due dates for all your online discussions:   

  1. Your initial posting in response to the discussion questions is due no later than the Thursday of the assigned week.
  2. Your minimum of two (2) responses to two (2) or more of your classmates postings are due by the assigned Sunday of that week. 

The instructor would be monitoring all the ongoing dialogues and grading students on their participation. 

Discussion Questions:

  1. After reading the 2 HBR articles, please comment on your take of how leadership affects change, based on your reading, research, experience, etc.
  2. Please identify some of the legal, moral and ethical concerns of operating/managing an organization and discussion how these concerns affect change.

Week 5 100 word posivie response due tomorrow at 7 pm

 Week #5 Discussion Attachment

Cognitive behavior therapy is a short-term intervention which focuses on attitude modification to maintain and improve change in behavior. Modality of its behavior modification improve the identification of maladaptive thinking patterns and situation awareness, thought processes, and emotions such as negative automatic thought process. Efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy has demonstrated its effectiveness in the treatment of family/group, individuals suffering from all types of mental issues (Florensa, Keliat, Wardani & Sulistiowati, 2019).

            Cognitive behavior therapy among other forms of therapy has proven success in treatment of children and adolescent on individual levels when apply as an individual cognitive behavior therapy. Structural differences are in between group/family and an individual to function within a given session (Mychailyszyn, Carper & Gibby, 2018). Whereby one client or patient and a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner is involved in an individual therapy session; on the other hand, group/family therapy includes in its context a client system and a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. Family therapy in its context refers to a system of family unit which includes each individual within the family dynamic as well as its function to influence each other (Shikimoto, Tamura, Irie, Iwashita, Mimura & Fujisawa, 2021).

            Lundkvist-Houndoumadi and colleagues (2016), argued that effectiveness or efficacy of group/family therapy is more potent when compare to individual therapy. Although cognitive behavior therapy is effective; however, the Johnson Family Session video from this weeks media, demonstrates that either an individual, group/family can be effective, it all depends on the issues and the type of treatment provided. The video makes it clear, as seen with the girl who had been sexually assaulted previously in a fraternity, she didnt believe in sharing her past experience, she doesnt want to talk about it. She doesnt believe that sharing her experience with her peers, including those with similar past experience will help her. There are some internal issues bothering her. These issues need to be address on the individual basis for her to move forward. At this time the girl is not prepared to participate in any of the group or family therapy session. Forcing her to do so will impaired the purpose of her self-awareness.

            CM is a 41-year-old female accompanied by her husband to participate in a scheduled one day a week individual cognitive behavioral therapy session and a one day a week family cognitive behavior therapy session. The problem she presented with was alcohol abuse. Patient stated that her husband forced her into attending this session because he felt like she was unable to control her alcohol abused issue. Patient reported that each day she would drink 5 to 7 drinks of alcohol. Patient stated: It made me lose multiple jobs throughout my career. Open-ended questions were asked during individual cognitive behavior therapy session to obtained situational and cognitive information from the patient. Any question inquiring about her alcohol use provoked her, she got very upset and defensive. This indicates that she was not being honest about her alcohol intake. Other times she wouldnt provide answers to questions that were being asked of her. On the contrary, she responded appropriately to questions ask during family cognitive behavior therapy session. She opens up about her alcohol intake, and frequency. CM contradicted herself during the family cognitive behavior therapy session. Saying: my alcohol intake didnt interfere with my personal life, job, marriage, and health. however, her husband corrected her each time.  Evidence from the literature supports cognitive behavior therapy individual use alcohol or other substance for behavior reinforcement. This makes the patient to abstain from developing skills desired to reduce substance use or alcohol intake.

Challenges which the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner might encounter include restructuring thought process or thinking pattern of individual in a family dynamic or different individuals in each session of family and/ individual cognitive behavior therapy session.  Moreover, the practitioner needs to ensure that structural of the session is appropriate for family members from diverse cultural background. For example, eating disorder such as: bulimia nervosa is common among lesbian and gay individuals. However, this population do not seek treatment often because of stigma associated with disproportional sexual minorities group/family. Therefore, practitioners during cognitive behavioral therapy need to structural the session to adapt emotions so that internal family members suffering from bulimia nervosa will share their experiences to improve treatment and function of family dynamic within this sexual minorities population (Minaiy, Johnson, Ciochon & Perkins, 2017). Also, practitioner needs to ensure CBT techniques/strategies are applicable and effective for every individual group member.


Florensa, M. V. A., Keliat, B. A., Wardani, I. Y., & Sulistiowati, N. M. D. (2019). Promoting the

Mental Health of Adolescents through Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy and Family Psychoeducation. Comprehensive Child & Adolescent Nursing42, 267276. https://doi.org/10.1080/24694193.2019.1594459

Lundkvist-Houndoumadi, I., Thastum, M., & Hougaard, E. (2016). Effectiveness of an

Individualized Case Formulation-Based CBT for Non-responding Youths with Anxiety Disorders. Journal of Child & Family Studies25(2), 503517.

Minaiy, C., Johnson, N., Ciochon, T., & Perkins, D. (2017). Adaptability of Family Therapy

Modalities in the Treatment of Lesbian and Gay Clients with Bulimia

Nervosa. Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal39(2), 121131.

Mychailyszyn, M. P., Carper, M. M., & Gibby, B. (2018). Exploring the occurrence of sudden

gains among anxious youth receiving evidencebased cognitivebehavioral therapy. Child

& Adolescent Mental Health23(3), 251257.

Shikimoto, R., Tamura, N., Irie, S., Iwashita, S., Mimura, M., & Fujisawa, D. (2021). Group

cognitive behavioural therapy for family caregivers of people with dementia: A singlearm pilot study. Psychogeriatrics21(1), 134136. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12643


Human Rights & Trading Rights


Do you think governments should consider human rights when granting preferential trading rights to countries? What are the arguments for and against taking such a position?

Submission Instructions:

  • Your initial post should be at least 200 words with at least 2 academic sources
  •  Please post your initial response by 9:00 PM ET Thursday 

Philosophy discuss 2

After reading the textbook about Descartes (section 29; pp. 275-283), and after watching  answer/address the following: 

1. Give your own definition of skepticism (no Googling!). What does it mean to be a skeptic? What should be the ultimate goal of skepticism? Is it just to question, or it is to question in order to arrive at a better understanding of something?

2. Is there anything that Descartes questioned that you think he shouldn’t have? Is there anything he should have questioned but didn’t? 

3. How do you see skepticism play out in today’s political or social climate? Are people truly following philosophical skepticism and questioning the social media posts they see, and are they questioning what they hear on the news, YouTube videos, etc.? Or do you think people are only skeptical of views different from their own?

4. Is there something in your own life you have questioned and arrived at a different answer, or is there something you have questioned and then arrived back at your  initial answer? Does skepticism contribute to the idea attributed to Socrates that an unexamined life is not worth living? Is skepticism the way to happiness and fulfillment, or does it make for a depressing life?

5. Is there anything about Descartes’ views that you do not understand or that you need clarification on? (Help your classmates by answering their questions).

300 words minimum. Link to textbook https://www.oercommons.org/courses/words-of-wisdom-intro-to-philosophy

art DB7

in a 200- 250 paragraph answer all the question below and Include images of the artworks you’re discussing in your thread. (all in your own words) 

Lecture 11 and textbook Chapter 12 (Clan) introduced you to the potlatch ceremony of the Northwest Coast Native people.  What is the function of 1) potlatch dishes, such as Stan Wamiss’ Halibut Feast Dish (fig. 5.20); 2) potlatch hats (Lecture 11); and 3) totem/crest poles, such as Arthur Shaughnessy’s Interior House Post (fig. 12.15)?  Compare and contrast what the three artforms have in common and what makes them different?

Debate this: Antitrust

The European Union Issues Record Fine against Google in Antitrust Case

Just google it. Googles search engine is so dominant that the company name has become a verb synonymous with conducting an Internet search. According to the European Commissioner for Competition, Margrethe Vestager, Google has become too dominant, at least with respect to comparison shopping and product searches. For that reason, the European Union (EU) spent seven years investigating Googles trade practices. The investigation culminated in 2017 with with a record fine of $2.7 billion and a ruling that Google had breached EU antitrust regulations by abusing its dominant position in the search engine market.

Google Put Its Shopping Results above Other Search Results

The EU claimed that for nearly ten years, Google had promoted its own comparison shopping service at the expense of competitors. It did this by positioning and prominently displaying its comparison shopping service in its general search result pages, irrespective of its merits. As a result, users [did] not necessarily see the most relevant results in response to queriesto the detriment of consumers and rival comparison shopping services.

Google has contended that it cannot change its core software and that the results in its search algorithms are based on relevance. In addition, Google has argued that it has actually boosted traffic to its Web competitors. Indeed, search engines have proliferated on the Web, suggesting that Googles success has not eliminated competition.

Nevertheless, the EUs decision ordered Google to change the way it displays search results in the EUor face more fines. When Google shows comparison-shopping services in response to a users query, the search results should show the most relevant services first.

Google has appealed the EUs order. Experts predict that the dispute could continue for years.

The Compartmentalization of a Search on the Web

More and more frequently, Internet users do not engage in general searches. Instead, they know exactly where to go to obtain product information. When they want information on movies, for instance, they go to the Internet Movie Data Base (IMDB) rather than to Google. When they want information on music, they go to iTunes. When they want to search for the cheapest airfares, they go to Kayak or similar sites. When they want to find the best rates on hotels, they go to sites such as , tripadvisor.com, and trivago.com. And when they are interested in buying a product, they frequently go to Amazon or eBay. Amazon, in particular, has fine-tuned its ability to generate advertising revenues through its Amazon-sponsored links.

And, of course, social media must be considered. More people are on social media sites than ever before, particularly on their mobile devices. Users spend four times more time on Facebook than they do on Google. These users often crowdsourcethat is, look for answers from Facebook friends rather than search on Google. Facebook is also becoming increasingly competitive with Google in the services it offers, including mobile payments and the Facebook Messenger instant-messaging service.

Critical Thinking

  • How does the increasing popularity of specialized search engines weaken the EUs argument that Google has harmed consumers?

Marketing Project

Create strategic marketing plan for the organization by conducting secondary research and interviewing an individual at the organization who has the authority to implement the strategic marketing plan for the organization.  You will be required to provide the name, position and contact information (phone number and email address) of the person at the organization who was interviewed to complete the strategic marketing plan. 

  • You will be required submit a 7-10 page written report and 10 slide PowerPoint presentation. Maximum file size of the report and PowerPoint must not exceed 1MB each.

****Here is the Organization to write about and why the organization needs a marketing plan:***

  The organization is Rosval Rental, which is good fit for this project because is a local small business, and they do short term rental at luxury apartments in the Brickell area, however sometimes they have struggles to maintain their properties completely booked, and this project will be a nice way to help them with their marketing and growth.

You will interview the Property Manager Edward Goenaga. (I will include his personal information)




 After reading the required articles this week, please write a research paper that answers the following questions: 

  • What are mobile forensics and do you believe that they are different from computer forensics?
  • What is the percentage of attacks on networks that come from mobile devices?
  • What are challenges to mobile forensics?
  • What are some mobile forensic tools?
  • Should the analysis be different on iOS vs Android?

Your paper should meet the following requirements:

  • Be approximately four to six pages in length, not including the required cover page and reference page.
  • Follow APA7 guidelines. Your paper should include an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.
  • Support your answers with the readings from the course and at least two scholarly journal articles to support your positions, claims, and observations, in addition to your textbook. The UC Library is a great place to find resources.
  • Be clearly and well-written, concise, and logical, using excellent grammar and style techniques. You are being graded in part on the quality of your writing.

A. Review Assignment Requirements


A. Review Assignment Requirements

In addition to reading the Assignment Structure and Evaluation Criteria information, take a few minutes to review the requirements for Assignments 2, 3, 4, and 5. You may need to look up some terms in the textbook if you are not familiar with themuse the index. All of the assignments are designed to relate to a single product or service of your choosing. Once you have chosen your product or service, you must stay with that product for all these assignments. Review the requirements carefully!

Part I: Choose a Product or Service

Choose a product or service that you would like to focus on for your integrated assignments. Think about a product or service for which all of the assignments will make sense and be achievable. Here are some suggestions for you to consider:

  • Choose a product or service that has a well-known brand name and has been running for a while. Do not pick a company that is about to open. You would have trouble finding good information on the product when writing Assignment 2.
  • Do not choose a product/service at your workplace. This could cause breaching of internal data: a violation of the Privacy Act of Canada.
  • Think along the line of where you spend your spare time. It could be a product that you use often; a hobby that you have enjoyed for many years; or a volunteer position that you have worked.
  • Think of a product/service that sells in business-to-business (B2B) situations. For example, toothpaste should be sold to major grocery stores, rather than door to door of a residential area. This will help you greatly to do your Assignment 3.

Part II: Submit Your Assignment Plan to Your Open Learning Faculty Member

Once you have chosen your product or service, write your Integrated Assignment Plan (approx. 400 words) which must briefly include the elements listed below. Please use the provided headings in APA style and present your ideas clearly. Remember, do not use any data (or documents) from your current and/or past employer(s) or workplace(s), as this could violate the University Academy Integrity policy.

  1. Assignment 1/Product or Service Choice: This is the name of the product or service that you will be using for Assignments 2, 3, 4, and 5. Include a brief description of what the product or service is, why you have chosen it, and the product or service website. Do not choose a brand product that does not have a website. This will limit your ability to write and cite your sources in your Assignment 2.
  2. Assignment 2/Module 2: Product Overview: Write a product overview that describes the product or service that you will sell. Remember you must research your chosen product through public sources (e.g., websites, journals, newspapers, etc.). Include where you plan to gather information you need on the product, including its features, its value proposition, and its major competitors..
  3. Assignment 3/Module 3: Develop a Prospect List: Develop a plan for how you will create a list of prospects for your product or service. Write down at least three public sources from which you could obtain names and contact information. You could pre-read Module 3, Topic 3 for ideas. Your final list will need to include the actual real names and contact information of at least thirty qualified prospects. You will need to use real sources for your list, set criteria that you can use to qualify them, and create a list that includes a bit of information about each prospect. You need to choose an organization that you understand well enough to do this Avoid plagiarism! This list must be created from scratch by you, and not a list that you obtained from an organization or other internal sources. Your faculty member needs to verify these names are real via public sources. How you create this list is an important part of conducting ethical research. If you are using publicly available documents and/or databases to develop your list, then you can proceed. However, if you intend to conduct primary research that requires you to speak directly with people in order to get them onto your list, you will be required to submit an application to the Research Ethics Board for approval prior to conducting your survey. If you are uncertain about this, please raise the issue with the Open Learning Faculty Member.
  4. Assignment 4/Module 4: Prepare a Sales Presentation: Design a plan for how you will prepare a sales presentation: you will create multiple scripts for telephone and email, questions that you could use to advance the sale, and a minimum ten-slide PowerPoint presentation and sales script to accompany it. How could you gather detailed, meaningful information about your product or service that could actually convert a prospect to a sale?
  5. Assignment 5/Module 5: Do a Sales Presentation and Report: In the assignment, you will need to complete a minimum of three and a maximum of five sales calls. You will use the materials you prepared in this Assignment Plan and previous assignments to complete call reports after you complete each call.