A significant amount of new housing was constructed in New York City between 193

A significant amount of new housing was constructed in New York City between 1930 and 1940, entirely changing the character of many New York City neighborhoods. Some buildings were erected for higher income households. But, much of this new construction took the form of middle-class apartment houses. New neighborhoods developed, old neighborhoods were redeveloped, and new apartment types appeared. The level of new construction was not consistent throughout the decade, but there were major periods of investment in new construction and in the alteration of old buildings. The second half of the decade, from 1935-1940 saw an especially significant building boom. The Grand Concourse was developed, as was much of the West Bronx; building booms occur in Fort Washington and Inwood in Manhattan, and along Ocean Avenue, Ocean Parkway, and other streets central and south Brooklyn. Large new apartment buildings, mostly with small apartments, were erected in convenient Manhattan neighborhoods such as Murray Hill, Chelsea, and Greenwich Village. Exceptional reform housing projects were also erected, including Hillside Homes in the Bronx, Amalgamated Dwellings in Manhattan, Boulevard Gardens in Woodside, Queens. This is the era when developers and architects created scores of Moderne (or Art Deco) apartment buildings, but also when other developers and architects turned to traditional Colonial-inspired design. It is an era when speculative developers and their architects first used forms from European Modernism, but adapted these new motifs to a traditional New York City housing market; corner windows were exploited; the earliest American tower-in-the-park projects appear; and expressionist brickwork becomes a marketing tool.
References to look into:
political and social issues of the depression are Eric Rauchway, The Great Depression & The New Deal: A Very Short Introduction (NY: Oxford University Press, 2008; available as an ebook), and William E. Leuchtenburg’s classic, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal (New York: Harper & Row, 1962
Robert A. M. Stern, Gregory Gilmartin, and Thomas Mellins, New York 1930: Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars (New York: Rizzoli, 1987)
Architectural Forum, Architectural Record, and Architecture
I want to have an essay that talks about a material cast stone. Its history, how and where it was manufactured, transferred and implied into buildings in NYC during late 1920s to early 1940s. How it differed from a material stucco which was often manufactured by manufacturer. Why cast stone became so popular? except for the fact that it was cheaper than real stones.. were they popular based on a specific market needs during the time? Housing? Shops? What kind of atmosphere it created to its users, residents of the building and its surrounding? Maybe point out different buildings where cast stone was used? depending on the purpose of building, cast stone was used less or more and if so why? Especially in housing market, which role did cast stone take? How did it contribute to market of residentials?

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